Evaluation

LiveWell Greenville’s expert Evaluation Team is made up of university professors and undergraduate, masters, and PhD level students from a number of universities including Clemson University, Furman University and the University of South Carolina. This talented team measures concrete, quantifiable changes in the health of Greenville County residents in order to determine the collective impact made through the efforts of LiveWell Greenville. Research conducted by the evaluation team provides findings to support the growing body of evidence that community coalition partnerships play a vital role in improving population level health. This research also provides feedback to continually improve LiveWell Greenville’s in all of our community.

LiveWell Greenville completed a communications study in conjunction with Dr. Shaniece Criss and Furman University in the summer of 2017 to determine the methods and opportunities for inter-coalition and cross partner communications. The 2017 LiveWell Greenville Coalition Communications Report provides an overview of the study and the findings.

At Mealtime | Evaluation

The At Mealtime evaluation team provides the analysis of the At Mealtime community initiatives of promoting healthy eating through their work with local restaurants, waterparks, and mobile markets.

  • LWG on the Menu- It can be tough to make the healthy choice while eating away from home. That’s why LiveWell developed standards for healthy foods for Greenville county. We’re building partnerships with restaurants, vendors, and retail outlets to make whole foods and low fat, low calorie, low sodium options easy to find.
    • Click here to learn more about LiveWell Greenville on the Menu.
  • NEMS– The Nutrition Environment Measures Survey was used at site visits of all food establishments in the county. The survey looks at food availability, pricing, and quality to determine the location of food deserts. Food deserts are areas that lack access to affordable, nutritious, culturally appropriate food.  

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  • Waterpark FABA– Determines the efficacy of point-of-purchase (POP) stimuli for healthier menu choices, ie., LiveWell Greenville  approved items, in local waterparks. 
  • Waterpark SNEB– Looks at whether increased availability and point of promotion of healthy (Livewell) concession options influence consumer acceptance at Greenville County, South Carolina waterparks.
  • SNEB NEMS– Investigates the number of disparities in the number of food stores, store type and Nutrition Environment Measures Survey-Store (NEM-S) scores when considering racial/ethnic group and income composition at the block group level in Greenville County, South Carolina.

IMG_3417_2 (1)Dr. Jeanine Stratton works as the Evaluation Specialist for the LiveWell Greenville On the Menu program.  She is an applied scientist and Board Certified Behavior Analyst in the area of behavior change and consumer behavior.  Dr. Stratton joined Furman University in 2005 and is the Robert E Hughes Endowed Associate Professor in the Business and Accounting Department.  She teaches interdisciplinary courses in Marketing, Consumer Behavior, and Performance Management.  She regularly mentors students on collaborative projects in the local Upstate business community.

At Play | Evaluation

The At Play evaluation team provides expertise to support the efforts of the At Play workgroup to increase opportunities for play and physical activity in parks and recreation settings in Greenville County. To date, evaluation efforts have focused on the long-standing work with Park Hop and the team plans to continue collaborations to examine the impacts of Park Heroes, Mobi-Rec, and other initiatives.

  • Park HopPark Hop is LiveWell Greenville’s summer-long, countywide scavenger hunt. Each summer, 19 parks are featured with fun clues designed to encourage the entire family to get active and enjoy one of Greenville County’s best assets, our parks! Park Hop is one of 3 park initiatives supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Partnerships to Improve Community Health Grant.
  • Parks and Environmental Justice- This study was conducted by the Built Environment and Community Health (BEACH) Lab at the USC Arnold School of Public Health. The purpose of this study was to examine whether park availability, features, and quality indicators were equitably distributed across Greenville County according to neighborhood median household income and race/ethnicity.
    • Click here to learn more about the Parks and Environmental Justice Study and the BEACH Lab.

The Park Hop Evaluation reports from 2014 and 2015 are provided below. These reports provide an overview of the Park Hop initiative and results from the evaluation efforts completed during the program, including participation rates, demographics, and information on park visitation, park-based physical activity, perceptions of the program, and perceptions of parks and recreation facilities.

2014 Park Hop Evaluation Report

2015 Park Hop Evaluation Report

Parks & Environmental Justice Report

  • ALR 2016 Park Hop– Looks at the benefits of Park Hop by analyzing pre and post intervention surveys as well as data from SOPARC observations. Discusses the results of this data by analyzing park usage, discovery and physical activity.
  • ALR 2016 At Play– Discusses the at play workgroup in regards to the efforts of a county-wide coalition to enhance physical activity environments and opportunities in underserved communities in Greenville County, South Carolina. Describes the at play workgroup, park heroes, mobi-rec, and play streets.
  • SC Obesity Summit– Describes park hop as an interagency collaboration to promote park visitation and physical activity among youth in Greenville County, South Carolina. Discusses the park hop passport and mobile app.
  • ALR 2014– Looks at the preliminary evaluation of Park Hop, an innovative collaboration of diverse agencies to create an incentivized passport-style initiative to increase awareness, visitation, and active use of parks among youth in Greenville County, South Carolina.
  • Park Hop 2014 SCRPA– Describes Park Hop’s features, current, future, and past efforts, goals and evaluation. Discusses expanding both mobi-rec and plays streets.
  • Journal of Parks Recreation Administration 2015 – Describes the development and preliminary evaluation of Park Hop.
  • Landscape and Urban Planning 2015 – Examines the relationship between neighborhood disadvantage and park availability and quality and whether neighborhood racial/ethnic composition moderates these associations.
  • Journal of Park and Recreation Adminstration 2015 – Describes the development and preliminary evaluation of Park Hop in Greenville County, SC.

kaczynski-150x150 (1)Dr. Andrew Kaczynski serves as the lead evaluator for the At Play workgroup. Currently Dr. Kaczynski is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior within the Arnold School of Public Health and is also affiliated with USC’s Prevention Research Center. Andy’s research focuses on the impact of community environments and policies on physical activity and obesity, with a particular emphasis on the role of parks in promoting active living and health among children and adults. In addition, Andy serves as Director of the BEACH Lab at USC. atkaczyn@mailbox.sc.edu

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Morgan is currently working on her doctoral degree in public health from the University of South Carolina and is a member of the Built Environment and Community Health Laboratory. In this role, she assists with the annual evaluation of Park Hop and the Parks Quality study. She received her Bachelor’s degree in Health and Exercise Science from Furman University and her Master’s of Public Health from the University of South Carolina. In her free time, Morgan plays in a local sports league and enjoys all outdoor activities. morganhughey@gmail.com.

ellen-wenders-usc-pf-photo-194x300Ellen Stowe, MPH is a first-year doctoral student in the at the Arnold School of Public Health and a Presidential Fellow at the University of South Carolina. While at the University of Georgia, she earned her Bachelor of Science in Psychology, minor in Childhood and Family Development, and Master of Public Health from the Department of Health Promotion and Behavior. Ellen’s research interests stem from her experience working in the behavioral health field, as well as from her time spent studying the built environment, primarily neighborhood factors influencing mental health, physical activity, and obesity. She currently serves as a graduate research assistant for various projects within the BEACH lab and assisting with the Parks Quality Study in partnership with LiveWell Greenville. Ellen is an avid science fiction and fantasy reader, loves spending time outdoors with her family and two dogs, Indiana and McCoy, and always enjoys traveling to new places. ellen.w.stowe@gmail.com

sarahkingSarah King is a first-year master’s student in the Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior within the Arnold School of Public Health at the University of South Carolina. A recent graduate of Furman University with a B.S. degree in History and Health Sciences, she has worked to reduce adolescent obesity rates in Greenville, South Carolina through the promotion of physical activity initiatives in her research and fellowship with LiveWell Greenville. As a research assistant within the BEACH Lab, Sarah is currently working on a project to evaluate and improve nutrition and physical activity measures within school environments in Spartanburg County, South Carolina and assisting the Parks Quality Study in partnership with LiveWell Greenville. She also serves as a graduate assistant for USC’s health coalition, Healthy Carolina. When Sarah is not on the university’s campus, she can be found traveling to new places, hiking in the Blue Ridge Mountains, visiting family, or going to the local farmers’ market with friends. sarahbking1216@gmail.com

Out of School Time | Evaluation

The Out of School Time evaluation team works with the Out of School Time workgroup by providing expertise in the evaluation of the Out of School Time community initiatives to promote healthy eating and active living in childcare environments such as after school programs and summer camps.

  • Out of School Time Impact Study – The Out of School Impact Study evaluates the effectiveness of a guided, site-specific policy and practice change intervention in improving the physical activity and nutrition environments and opportunities for youth in Greenville County, SC.
    • Click here to view a description the Out of School Time Impact Study.
    • NAPSACC– After school programs are able to use NAPSACC to provide self-assessment about the site’s policies on physical activity, nutrition, and tobacco practices.
    • EPAO– LiveWell Greenville uses EPAO in direct observation of the after school sites. Information is recorded about type and quality of nutrition provided, physical activity and policies related to nutrition, physical activity, and tobacco. Feedback is then provided back to after school sites.

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  • SCPHA EPAO– Looks at the use of the Environmental and Policy Assessment Observation (EPAO) tool in afterschool settings to support environment and policy change. The EPAO tool is used to systematically document child and staff behaviors, the out of school time nutrition and physical activity environment, and the out of school time facility nutrition and physical activity policies.
  • APHA NAPSACC– LiveWell Greenville implemented an intervention within after school programs that was designed in three steps. The site complete a pre-self assessment, participate in curriculum training and an EPAO is conducted. LWG helps the sites with goal setting, networking sessions and technical assistance. Finally, the sites complete a post- self assessment, and EPAO is conducted, goals are reviewed and awards are given.

kemper-150x150 (1)Dr. Karen Kemper is an associate professor and Graduate Coordinator in the Department of Public Health Sciences at Clemson University. Her research area addresses obesity prevention, physical activity promotion, and healthy nutrition in American youth. She began working with LiveWell Greenville’s After School workgroup in 2011 and in 2012 became the evaluator for the Afterschool Initiative as part of the Community Transformation Grant awarded to LiveWell. Dr. Kemper also has developed and implemented two undergraduate research trainings for the LiveWell Greenville Research Fellows Program. kkaren@clemson.edu

At Work | Evaluation

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At Worship | Evaluation

The At Worship evaluation team works with the At Worship workgroup by providing expertise in the At Worship community initiative to establish healthier faith communities

  • At Worship Initiative – The goal of LiveWell Greenville’s (LWG) At Worship workgroup is to support Greenville’s faith communities in helping members achieve healthier lifestyles, through a community-based participatory research (CBPR) framework. Houses of worship are involved throughout the research process including the identification and framing of the research issue, the design of study measures and methods and the interpretation and dissemination of study results.
    • Click here to view a summary of the At Worship initiative.
  • Photovoice Project –
    • Click here to view a summary of the Photovoice Project.
    • Click here to view an article that describes the Photovoice Project.

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  • Findings from Annual At Worship Summit 2015 – Discusses the improved health behaviors and outcomes of faith based communities such as improved nutrition environment, improved physical activity, and decreased blood pressure.
  • APHA presentation– Discusses a pre and post test pilot study that was conducted at seven churches in Greenville, South Carolina where the participants completed a 1-year congregation-led health promotion intervention. Examples of initiatives include health-focused sermons, bulletin inserts with health information,healthy cooking classes, a community garden. The results showed significant changes in nutrition and physical activity behaviors and reported health conditions.

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Dr. Meghan Slining, Ph.D., is a nutritional epidemiologist with a focus on pediatric obesity. She serves as the evaluator for LiveWell Greenville’s Early Childhood and At Worship initatives. Dr. Slining joined Furman University in 2013 as an assistant professor in the Health Sciences Department. She teaches Research and Evaluation, Global Health, Epidemiology, Public Health and the Public Health Senior Seminar. She also leads a global health study away course in Nicaragua. Dr. Slining enjoys teaching and mentoring students who are passionate about making the world a better place. meghan.slining@furman.edu

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Dr. Lynette M. Gibson, Ph.D., RN is an Associate Professor and Director of Research in Nursing at the Mary Black School of Nursing, USC Upstate in Greenville, South Carolina. She serves as an evaluator for the At Worship initiative with LiveWell Greenville. She graduated from the MUSC with a BS in Nursing, Clemson University with an MS (in Nursing) and the University of South Carolina with a Ph.D. in Nursing Science.  Dr. Gibson completed a fellowship at the Center for Health Equity Research at the School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania in 2014.  She is passionate about research on cancer and culturally appropriate interventions and serves as a mentor to ethnically diverse nursing students. lgibson@uscupdate.edu

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Dr. Toshua W. Kennedy, PhD, MPH, APRN, PHNCS-BC joined the LiveWell Greenville at Worship Workgroup in December, 2016. As part of her role with the At Worship workgroup, Kennedy collaborates with Dr. Lynette Gibson to implement and evaluate the At Worship Photovoice Project. Kennedy is an Assistant Professor of Nursing at the Mary Black School of Nursing, USC Upstate in Greenville, South Carolina. Health promotion, disease prevention, and population-focused care are her primary areas of interest, and Kennedy’s personal mantra is Ambulation is a Beautiful Thingtkennedy@uscupstate.edu

At the Doctor | Evaluation

The At the Doctor evaluation team supports the efforts of the At the Doctor workgroup by providing expertise in the evaluation of the At the Doctor community initiative of supporting the prevention and medical treatment of obesity and overweight conditions. The evaluation team analyzes the progress of the pediatric toolkit and motivational interviewing.

  • Pediatric toolkit- The LiveWell Greenville at the Doctor Pediatrician Toolkit is a collection of resources to assist doctors in addressing lifestyle changes to decrease obesity and other diseases in the children they see.
    • Click here to view the LiveWell Greenville at the Doctor Pediatrician Toolkit.
  • Physicians as Liaisons (PALS) – This program encourages active participation of a doctor on a school’s wellness team. Adding a physician to the wellness teams will offer a valuable source of expertise on the School Wellness Committee s as the doctors conduct internal needs assessments.

  • Pediatric Toolkit Report- This report evaluates the pediatric toolkit and discusses the impacts that it has had. The results indicated that 67% of pediatricians found the toolkit to be helpful in communicating healthy living options to their patients.
  • Motivational Interviewing Report- This report looks to see if motivational interviewing training improved the utilization of motivational interviewing in the clinical setting.

  • NACCHO 2015LiveWell collaborates with our community partners including LHD and health care practitioners to improve population health and improve the patient experience of care. This publications discusses the effects of at the doctor toolkit and how it has helped pediatrician and patient discussions about healthy lifestyle behaviors.

felder-150x150 (1)Rhonda Felder, PhD, MPT, is a physical therapist in Greenville, South Carolina that works as the LiveWell Greenville At the Doctor workgroup evaluator. Dr. Felder has worked both internationally and domestically in a variety of rehabilitation settings. She is passionate about the field of community health promotion and public health. Dr. Felder is particularly interested in the patient/clinician relationship as it pertains to compliance and motivation. rjbaires@gmail.com

At School | Evaluation

The At School evaluation team works with the At School workgroup by providing expertise in the evaluation of the At School community initiatives to ensure fresh healthy foods are served in cafeterias, fewer unhealthy food options are available, and that children engage in more physical activity. The evaluation team assesses the progress of culinary creations and the school health index.

  • Culinary Creations – Culinary Creations is a food preparation and service training program to train school cafeteria workers in nutrition, safety, cost control, production line and setup, and CATCH (Coordinated Approach to Child Health) training. This program has increased the availability of healthy foods in Greenville County Schools.
  • School Health Index – The SHI was completed by the school wellness team in all 85 Greenville County School District (GCSD) elementary, middle, and high schools. After completing the self-assessment and obtaining the SHI Overall ScoreCard to determine strengths and weaknesses, each of the 85 schools set one goal for physical activity and one goal for nutrition.
  • Physicians as Liasons (PALS) – PALS seeks to support a culture of school health by matching a physician with a local school that is actively working to create a healthy environment for students and staff. Click here to learn more.

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  • APHA Presentation– Examines the associations between fitnessgram PACER laps and academic achievement among 3rd-5th gram elementary school youth. The results indicated a positive association between PACER lap and PASS academic achievement scores of 3rd-5th grade youth.
  • CCI Poster– Evaluates the effectiveness of Culinary Creations (CC) which is intended to improve the elementary school nutrition environment and youth body mass index (BMI) through policy and environmental changes.
  • SCPHA SHI Poster

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Melissa Fair, MPH joined LiveWell Greenville in 2013 as the At Play Workgroup Specialist and transitioned into the position of the Evaluation Coordinator in 2014. Under the guidance of the Principle Investigator, Melissa supported the activities of the LWG evaluation team, a partnership of 9 researchers from 4 universities who support the efforts of LWG’s community-based workgroups. In 2016 Melissa was named the LWG Principal Investigator, guiding the full work of the evaluation team to create a cohesive assessment of LWG’s impact on creating healthier environments through healthy eating and active living policy, systems, and environment change.  As local Greenville resident, Melissa received her Bachelor’s of Exercise Science from Furman University, her Master’s of Public Health from USC Arnold School of Public Health, and is currently a third year doctoral student at the USC Arnold School of Public Health. melissa.fair@furman.edu

Early Childhood | Evaluation

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slining-150x150 (1)Dr. Meghan Slining is a nutritional epidemiologist with a focus on pediatric obesity. She serves as the evaluator for LiveWell Greenville’s Early Childhood and At Worship initatives. Dr. Slining joined Furman University in 2013 as an assistant professor in the Health Sciences Department. She teaches Research and Evaluation, Global Health, Epidemiology, Public Health and the Public Health Senior Seminar. She also leads a global health study away course in Nicaragua. Dr. Slining enjoys teaching and mentoring students who are passionate about making the world a better place. meghan.slining@furman.edu

Student Experiences

The LWG Fellows 2.0 Program is an exciting opportunity to participate in a more focused LWG operations or research experience to gain knowledge and experience about the local healthy eating and active living policy and environmental change efforts of LWG. Both operation and research assistant experiences will be concentrated within 1 to 2 LWG workgroups of student interest. Within the workgroup(s) students will work on specific project(s) with clear deliverables/outcomes.

  • Operations assistants will receive in depth experience with organization function and strategic direction, building coalition partnerships, and developing and implementing community-based strategies.
  • Research assistants will receive in depth experience with data collection, data analysis, and reporting/dissemination methods.
  • In addition,all student assistants will participate in a year long career and communication skills development program through professor mentorship and peer networking. Students are only required to participate during the semester(s) they are working with LWG; however students are welcomed and encouraged to participate year round.

 

  • Click here to view a powerpoint about the Fellows 2.0 program.
  • Click here to view the student experience information sheet.
  • Click here to view the Fellows 2.0 application.